The legal situation in Croatia is rather awkward for drone pilots. In this post, we’ll explain to you which requirements you need to consider.
Since December 2018 new rules apply in Croatia. Decisive for the assessment of a drone flight is now the weight of the aircraft and the planned location. The following categories have been introduced:
- Category A: This includes all drones with less than 250 grams ascent weight and a maximum speed of less than 19 m / s.
- Category B1: This group includes drones with a mass from 250 to 900 grams inclusive and a maximum speed of less than 19 m / s. The category B1 includes e.g. the DJI Spark and the DJI Mavic Pro.
- Category B2: This category includes unmanned aerial vehicles weighing less than five kilograms. Airspeed no longer matters from category B2. Representatives of the B2 class are the DJI Mavic Air, the DJI Mavic 2 Pro / Zoom and the DJI Phantom 4.
- Category C1 and C2: These categories include drones with a take-off weight of five kilograms or more. Since these are hardly common, I do not go further here on these categories.
Good to know: When talking about the speed the actual flown speed is not relevant, but the maximum possible speed according to the manufacturer.
Do I need a drone permit in Croatia?
In the meantime, it is no longer necessary to apply for a permit for each drone flight. Thus, the Croatian legislators have loosened the requirements for drone pilots significantly.
Depending on the category, the different maneuvers are allowed, as shown in the table below. For deviating flight maneuvers you need the permission of the Croatian Aviation Authority (CCAA).
|A||Day and night||–||Settled and uninhabited areas|
|B1||Only during day||14 Years||Only uninhabited areas|
|B2||Day and night||16 Years||Settled and uninhabited areas|
|C1||Only during day||18 Years||Only uninhabited areas|
|C2||Day and night||18 Years||Settled and uninhabited areas|
In category B1, younger people can control the drone as long as an adult person supervises them.
Regardless of the category, drone flights are only allowed within the direct line of sight.
Altitudes and safety distances in Croatia
In uncontrolled airspace, drones can fly up to 120 meters above ground. In controlled airspace (i.e. around airports) your drone may rise to 50 meters as long as you consider a minimum distance of five kilometers to the airport. The 79-joule rule used in the past no longer matters.
In addition to the maximum altitude, minimum distances to uninvolved persons are defined.
For crowds, it is essential to maintain a distance of 50 meters. A group is classified as a crowd when people are in a confined space and can not dodge an approaching drone. In the legal text are u.a. Concerts and demonstrations are given as examples.
In addition to the crowds, there are appropriate minimum distances for individuals as well. The 1: 1 rule applies. This means that your current altitude corresponds to the minimum distance to be maintained. If your drone is supposed to float 60 meters, you will have to consider a horizontal distance of 60 meters to passers-by.
At an airspeed up to 30 m / s, this safety distance must never be less than 5 meters (at higher speeds 30 meters).
Other requirements for drone pilots in Croatia
In addition to the already explained rules, there are more rules that you have to comply with as a multicopter pilot.
First and foremost, you must complete drone insurance that is valid in Croatia, which will cover any third party damage. A proof of this insurance you should (if possible in English) always lead with you.
Besides, Croatian law requires that you tag your drone with a badge identifying the name, address and contact details (telephone, e-mail address). This information can be attached in most cases with a sticker. A refractory marking is only required from a take-off mass of 5 kilograms (categories C1 and C2).
Sources: CCAA, Airspace Map
We have researched the listed drone regulations for Croatia to the best of our knowledge. We can not guarantee the correctness of the information. If you want to be on the safe side, please contact the competent aviation authority. Alternatively, you can also ask the embassy in your country for further information about the regulations. Please leave us a comment when you receive news and/or gain experience with your copter in Croatia!