Drone Laws in Brazil

Flying drones in Brazil

In this post, you will find the current regulations for the use of drones in Brazil.

First, I would like to introduce the three Brazilian authorities that regulate drone flights:

  • ANAC: The civil aviation authority takes care of the registration of drones.
  • DECEA: Airspace Surveillance Department
  • ANATEL: National telecommunications agency that regulates radio frequencies.

The most relevant for you is the ANAC. But you should also know the other two, because they also set important rules for drone flying.

Overview: Drone rules in Brazil

Recreational use of drones allowed? Yes, after registration or approval
Commercial use of drones permitted? Yes, after registration or approval
Maximum Altitude:400 Foot (121,9 Meter) in uncontrolled airspace.
Is drone insurance mandatory? Yes, for commercial drone flights. Learn more about drone insurance here.
Does the drone need a badge?Yes.
Drone labels can be ordered here
Is a registration necessary? Yes.
Keep distance to airports
Respect the privacy of other people
Contact information

For questions about registration in SISANT: [email protected]

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More rules for drone pilots in Brazil

In Brazil, you are only allowed to fly your drone below 120 meters (400 feet) and within visual line of sight. You should keep a distance of 30 meters to bystanders unless they have given their consent. You must not fly over crowds or critical infrastructure (e.g. power plants, prisons, military facilities). You must be 30 meters away from buildings, again with the exception of the owner’s consent.

Also keep away from security areas. For flights up to 30 meters, you should keep a distance of 5.4 kilometers from airports, between 30 and 120 meters the distance should be 9 kilometers.

Drone ban on Sugarloaf Mountain

You must not be under the influence of alcohol or drugs when controlling a drone.

If you do not follow the rules and endanger the safety of others, you risk prison terms in Brazil.

If your drone weighs more than 250 grams, you have to register it in the SISANT portal. This is only possible with a tax number (CPF / CNPJ). As a non-Brazilian, you have two options: Either you instruct someone with a tax number to take over the registration of your drone. Then this person is also responsible and liable if something happens. Or you can try to apply for a tax number at the embassy.

If you have the registration number, it must be visibly attached to the drone with non-flammable material.

A drone weighing more than 250 grams may only be flown if the following documents are available:

  • Registration
  • If applicable, airworthiness certificate of the drone
  • Flight manual
  • Insurance policy
  • Long-distance pilot license

For the import to Brazil it is important that your copter has an ANATEL seal which confirms that the Brazilian radio standards are complied with. If your drone does not have this seal, you must apply for it. It costs $ 70 and the process takes approximately 45 days.

Drones are not allowed at Iguaçu Falls

In general, Brazil differentiates between model aircraft and RPAs (Remotely Piloted Aircraft). Model aircraft are those that are used exclusively for recreational purposes. You do not need liability insurance. All others are RPAs and are divided into three categories:

  • Class 1: maximum takeoff weight over 150 kg
  • Class 2: maximum takeoff weight between 25 and 150 kg
  • Class 3: maximum takeoff weight up to 25 kg.

The minimum age for flying RPAs is 18 and you need liability insurance for drones weighing 250 grams or more. You can find more information in our article on drone insurance.

We have researched the listed drone regulations for Brazil to the best of our knowledge. We cannot guarantee the correctness of the information. If you want to be on the safe side, contact the competent aviation authority. Alternatively, you can also ask the embassy in your country for further information about the regulations. Please leave us a comment when you receive news and/or gain experience with your copter in Brazil!

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About the author

Since January 2015, we travel around the world. In our backpack we carry a camera drone which we use to capture the best places from a bird’s perspective. First we travelled with a DJI Phantom 2. But now we use a Yuneec Typhoon H. On our blog we share the best tips for you about travelling with a copter. If you have questions about this article or new information, don’t hesitate to leave us a comment!

Discussions

  • Martin | 16.05.2018

    Hi Francis. Could you tell me where you got the information about the ANATEL seal and do you know how to apply for it?
    I am searching currently through the web for all the regulations. It seems that in Brazil, one needs to comply to the institutions of ANAC, ANATEL and DECEA.
    ANAC requires small drones like MAVIC Air to be registered. DECEA needs nothing as long its a recreational small drone. But I found nothing regarding ANATEL besides your post. Also their website is only in Portugiese with no info regarding drones….

  • Sean | 20.05.2018

    I’m also needing to know if I can take my GoPro karma into Brazil. I am traveling at the end of June.

  • Adam Valastro | 10.06.2018

    Hi there do we need to get the ANATEl Seal just for recreational Use?

    • Francis Markert | 13.07.2018

      Yes, because ANATEL regulates the radio frequencies and they affect everyone.

  • Fábio Marconi | 01.09.2018

    Hi Francis, my name is Fábio Marconi and I´m brazilian and drone pilot. Thanks for your site, I was looking for european rules and found what help me. So I think I can help other peoples with brazilian drone laws. This is the oficial site of brazilian autorities.
    https://www.decea.gov.br/drone/
    Try to translate with google

    Good flights!

    • Riche Rifkind | 18.09.2018

      Fábio i need your advice. I have not been able to find anything useful. I live in Brazil not a Native. I was hoping to do Aerial photography with a DJI Spark. Would just be hovering. I understand Anac and Anatel. But with Decea it takes 15 days to get a request and what if its affected by the weather. I want to be able to get photos of beautiful sunsets of my local mountains. But cannot forsee the weather in advance.

    • Tarek Belal | 17.04.2019

      Hi Fábio! Thank you for your time contributing to this blog. Can you please share with us from your experience what do non-Brazilian nationals need to do in order to fly a drone for recreation in brazil?
      I found information on this website that mentions that the rule of registering drones > 250 g is only for Brazilian citizens. Is this true from your experience?

      Again, thanks a lot for your time & for sharing your expertise.

      One Race, One World, One love.

      Tarek

  • Renato Abreu | 20.09.2018

    Hello!

    I’ve been working in a touring agency in Rio de Janeiro – Brazil, and I have a problem with doubts about Brazilian laws for tourists’ drones.
    I don’t know how tourists can take a simple and temp license for operating this devices, because the only certifies that I can find in internet have Brazilian Federal docs (like CPF), but have no options to foreigners docs (like passport number).
    Can you help me??

    • stephanie F | 04.10.2018

      hELLO

      i have the same issue that everyone here.

      This is what ANAC replied : As a foreign person you can’t register your drone in Brazil without a CPF number, but someone with a CPF and/or a CNPJ in Brazil can register the drone for you in SISANT (https://sistemas.anac.gov.br/SISANT) and will be responsible for the equipment in Brazil. The drone must be identified with this register number.

      However, as a non-Brazilian citizen you can request a CPF in a Brazilian Consulate or Embassy. We don’t know what are the requirements to comply with in order to have a CPF number, so we recommend you to contact them.

      There are two civil aviation authorities in Brazil (ANAC and DECEA). From the point of view of ANAC, for a non-professional use, the most important rules are:
      1) register the drone at SISANT (https://sistemas.anac.gov.br/SISANT);
      2) never flying over 400 feet (120 m) above ground level;
      3) always flying visual (VLOS);
      4) keep at least 30 meter of horizontal distance from non consent (não anuente) people. -> So, you must not use nearby people at tourist points, for exemple.

      As you have a foreign drone, there are also Anatel rules to comply with, but we recommend to contact them in case of any doubt. Please, check also the DECEA rules above.

  • Tarek Belal | 17.04.2019

    I would like to thank everyone for sharing such valuable information & thank Francis for such an epic blog! Looks like the last post was in October 2018. Has anyone managed to fly their drones in brazil since ? If so, please share your experience with us. We’d be extremely grateful. Thanks so much (-:

  • Mauricio | 26.11.2019

    I’m Brazilian. And can help with some information.

    1) Minimum Airport Distance: 5 KM
    2) Anatel seal comes in a great number of drones. Just check on your unit, manual, documentation. Anatel is to Brazil what FCC stands for US. It’s the local regulatory agency.

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