In Italy the regulations are very strict. Already private copter pilots must obtain authorization from the aviation authority Ente Nazionale per l’Aviazione Civile (ENAC), if they want to fly on public ground with a camera drone. For this purpose, the provisions of Article 35 (7):
„Model aircraft operating over public areas shall not have installed any device/system which enables it to be used for specialised operations.“
Specialized operations include among other things flights for photography and movies. Multicopters equipped with a camera must be registered at the ENAC. This makes it virtually impossible for tourists to capture holiday memories with the drone.
Maximum flight altitude: In Italy, the maximum flight altitude for private drone operations is 70 meters and commercial copter flights are 150 meters.
Maximum horizontal distance and FPV: There is a limitation in Italy on how far a drone can be removed from the pilot. This limit is for private pilots at 200 meters and for commercial pilots at 500 meters.
Compulsory insurance: For Italy, a drones liability insurance is necessary, which covers damages of at least 750.000 euro.
Maximum take-off weight (MTOW): 25 kg is the maximum weight limit for private pilots.
Distance to airports: Drones have to keep a distance of at least 5 kilometers to airports.
Other safe distances: Private drones are only allowed to start in undeveloped area and must keep sufficient distance to buildings.
Flight bans: In the Italian capital, the entire year 2016 was a flight ban for multicopters. A reader of our blog knew nothing about it and was arrested under suspicion of terror because he had flown in Rome with his copter. Newspapers also repeatedly report about the arrests at major sights, for example at the Colosseum or in the Vatican. I can not say whether the ban continues in 2017. Therefore, I would strongly advise you to inform you beforehand at the authorities (for example at the police or the magistrate).
There is a general ban on flights in Venice and its islands.
Time of operations: Drones flights are generally permitted only in daylight. Approvals for night flights can be requested.
Regulations for commercial pilots: In Italy, proof of a training, certification and a health certificate are required depending on the weight category.
Good to know: Frequency determinations for FPV on 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz with a maximum of 100mW possible.
Helpful links: English translation of the Italian rules
We have researched the listed drone regulations for Italy to the best of our knowledge. We can not guarantee the correctness of the information. If you want to be on the safe side, please contact the competent aviation authority. Alternatively, you can also ask the embassy in your country for further information about the regulations. Please leave us a comment when you receive news and/or gain experience with your copter in Italy!