Maximum flight altitude: In Spain, drones may climb up to a height of 120 meters.
Maximum horizontal distance and FPV: Drones flights are always to be carried out in direct line of sight, it means that the copter shall not be more than 500 meters away from the pilot.
Compulsory insurance: As far as I know, aviation liability insurance is only required by commercial pilots in Spain. Nevertheless, I strongly recommend that you take out an appropriate policy!
Maximum take-off weight (MTOW): Commercial pilots can obtain permission up to a weight of 150 kilograms. For private flights, I assume from a maximum weight of 2 kilograms – but ask again the AESA, if your Copter is heavier.
Distance to airports: Commercial pilots must have a minimum distance of 8 km to airports (15 km for approved flights outside visibility). To my knowledge, the distance is not clearly defined for private users. However, I recommend to stick to this requirement.
Other safe distances: A distance of 150 meters must be maintained to buildings. To persons who are not involved in the flight maneuver must be kept at a distance of 50 meters.
Flight bans: Flights over buildings, settlements and gatherings of people are not allowed. Additional conditions may apply in nature reserves. Of course, flights in controlled airspace are also prohibited.
Flight approval: For flights in national parks, you need permission from the administration.
Time of operations: The use of multicopters is permitted only during the day.
Specific regulations: Regional authorities can issue their own regulations for the operation of drones. Therefore, it is always useful to ask around for the rules on the spot.
Regulations for commercial pilots: A permit is necessary for commercial drone flights. The Spanish aviation agency differs in three scenarios.
Good to know: You can contact a partner from AESA at [email protected].
Helpful links: Information from the AESA, German summary for hobby pilots, German summary for commercial flights
We have researched the listed drone regulations for Spain to the best of our knowledge. We can not guarantee the correctness of the information. If you want to be on the safe side, please contact the competent aviation authority. Alternatively, you can also ask the embassy in your country for further information about the regulations. Please leave us a comment when you receive news and/or gain experience with your copter in Spain!